Today is a Flag Day. March 13 is the anniversary of the end of the Winter War. The Winter War ended on March 13, 1940, with the Moscow Peace Treaty.
The Winter War is an extremely important part of Finnish history and a source of national pride. The Winter War was also important in unifying Finland after its civil war.
The Soviets attacked Finland on November 30, 1939, just after the start of World War II. Even though the Soviets had 3 times the manpower as the Finnish forces, Finland managed to hold off the Soviet offensive far longer than anyone could have imagined. Finland had to cede a large part of its territory (Karelia) to Russia as part of the peace treaty, but maintained its sovereignty.
Here is Mannerheim's Order concerning the Moscow Peace Treaty. It is interesting and stirring to read.
Mannerheim issues Order of the Day Nr. 34
Soldiers of the glorious Finnish army!
As a result of the Moscow Peace Treaty, 500,000 Finns living in Karelia were evacuated and resettled in the rest of Finland. It is estimated that 1 million people living in Finland today trace their roots to Karelia.
When Chris and I went to the kauppatori we bought some hernekeitto from a veteran's group to eat for our own celebration of the end of the Winter War.
This article, What if the Winter War Broke out Now, in the Helsingin Sanomat is also interesting.